Madhubani Painting

Amazing Facts about Madhubani Painting or Mithila Art



Madhubani painting or Mithila painting is the major painting of Mithila region such as Darbhanga, Purnia, Saharsa, Muzaffarpur, Madhubani and some areas of Nepal. Initially, after being in the form of Rangoli, this art has gradually descended into modern forms on clothes, walls and paper. This domestic painting commissioned by the women of Mithila has also been adopted by men. At present, the artists of Mithila painting have raised the walls of Madhubani railway station in 10,000 sq / ft to the extent of increasing the honor of Madhubani painting or Mithila painting internationally with the artifacts of Mithila painting. His initiative was taken as free i.e Shramdaan. This amazing artifact made in the form of shramdaan is being well liked by foreign tourists and soldiers.

History of Madhubani painting

or Mithila Painting

It is believed that these paintings were made by King Janak during the marriage of Ram and Sita. Women from many villages of Mithila region are proficient in this art. In its true form, this painting was seen in the mud huts of the villages, but it is now made very much on cloth or paper canvas. Over time, the painter’s life story of King Shailesh was also depicted by the people of the Paswan caste community in this genre. People of this community also worship King Sailesh as their deity.
Madhubani paintings, also known as the art of Mithila (as it flourished in the Mithila region of Bihar), are characterized by sketches or figures filled with vivid and contrasting colors. Such painting has traditionally been done by the women of this region, but today men have also joined this art to meet its growing demand. These paintings are popular due to their tribal form and use of vivid and earthy colors.
The methods Kohbar of Mithila art has bright colors are used a lot such as dark red, green, blue and black. Some light colors are also enhanced in the picture, such as yellow, pink and lemon colors. It would be surprising to know that these colors are made from domestic things, such as turmeric, banana leaves, peel bark  And milk. Apart from murals, Alpana is also popular in Bihar.
Earlier it was made so that the yield of the crop in the fields will be good but nowadays it is made in the auspicious works of the house. Matchstick and bamboo pen are used to make pictures. The gum of the acacia tree is mixed to create a color grip.
The meanings behind making Madhubani paintings have also changed over time, but the art itself is so ingrained that it is still one of the favorite choices of art lovers.

Hand made paper

Radha Krishna Madhubani Painting
Radha Krishna Madhubani Painting

To prepare handmade paper before illustration, cow dung solution is made on paper and gum of acacia is put in it. The dung solution with cotton cloth is applied on paper and kept for drying in the sun.
In the Madhubani murals, a mixture of mud (smooth) and cow dung is mixed with acacia gum and coated on the walls. Cow dung has a special shine on the wall due to the presence of a special chemical substance. It is a custom to make it at three special places of the house, such as the place of worship, the Kohbar Room (in the room of the married people) and on the outer walls of the house on a wedding or any special celebration. The Gods and Goddesses depicted in the Madhubani painting are Maa Durga, Kali, Sita-Ram, Radha-Krishna, Shiva-Parvati, Gauri-Ganesha and the ten avatars of Vishnu etc. Apart from these photographs, paintings of many natural and delightful scenes are also made. Animals, birds, trees, flowers and leaves are decorated and decorated with the symbol of the swastika.In this painting mineral pigments prepared by the artisans are used. This work is done on freshly painted or raw soil. This work of painting for commercial purposes is now being done on paper, cloth, canvas etc. Black color is prepared from a mixture of kajal and cow dung, yellow color from turmeric or pollen or milk of lemon and banyan leaves. Red color with safflower juice or red sandal wood. Every color from the leaves of the woodbell tree, the white color of rice powder. The orange color is prepared from the flowers of Palash. Colors are used flatly, which are neither folded, nor are any spaces left blank.
The same pictures of nature and mythological stories are produced which match their style. The themes and designs depicted in these paintings are closely related to the Hindu deities such as Krishna, Rama, Shiva, Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Surya and the moon, basil plants, royal scenes, social ceremonies etc. .It uses flowers, leaves, pictures of animals and birds, geometric designs to fill the empty spaces. This handicrafts have been handed over to one generation, so their traditional designs and specimens are completely preserved.

Apart from agriculture, the All India Handicrafts Board and Government of India have been encouraging women to sell their traditional paintings on handmade paper with a view to maintaining a means of earning. Madhubani painting has become a major source of income for many families. The demand for this art throughout the world market is a commendation for the art skills of the women of Mithila, who have successfully used their graffiti techniques for painting on paper.

10 unknown facts about Madhubani painting

Mithila Art

Madhubani painting is one of the most famous arts in India and as well as in abroad. The style of this painting is still used in some parts of Bihar, especially in Mithila. In this article, we will study about the history of Madhubani painting, how it became famous in the world, what is its specialty, etc. India is a country of creativity, art and culture.
Since the style of this painting originated in Mithila region, it is also known as Mithila paintings. This unique style of these arts was used by women to decorate their homes and doors to get the blessings of God in the form of prosperity and peace.

  • Madhubani is a district in Bihar, which means honey forest. This painting is local art of Madhubani district, hence its name is Madhubani painting. This art portrays nature and mythology depicting various events like marriage and the cycle of birth. Originally, lotus flower, bamboo, bird, snake etc. artifacts are also found in these paintings. These images are depicted as representing the reproduction and spread of birth.
  • Madhubani painting are generally based on images of Lord Krishna and religious themes such as scenes from Lord Krishna, Ramayana. According to history, this art originated in the Ramayana era, When on the occasion of Sita’s marriage, her father Raja Janak organized a large number of artists to decorate the entire state with this unique art.
  • Madhubani painting are painted with natural colors, in which cow dung and mud are used to improve the quality of papers. Artists used only natural colors in their art, including turmeric, pollen or opted, and blue with indigo.The juice of sandalwood or rose flower was used for red color . Similarly, we can say that the artists also used various natural materials for their color needs, which reflects a unique art in themselves. Originally these paintings were done on the wall of the huts, but now it is also done on cloth, hand made paper and canvas.
  • How Madhubani painting were discovered:

    Madhubani paintings are of two types – murals and aripan. Mural painting is done exclusively on the walls made of clay at three places in the house: family deity / goddess, newly married couple (Kohbar) room and drawing room. Aripan (Alpana) is an art made by drawing lines on the floor to depict lotuses, feet, etc. Aripan is performed on certain rituals such as Puja, Vrata, and Samskara.

    The painting is done on the outer and inner walls of the rooms and on Marba, in marriage, Upanayana (sacred threading ceremony) and festivals like Deepawali etc. on some auspicious occasions. Sun and moon are also depicted as it is believed that they bring prosperity and happiness in the family.

    This painting plays an important role in preventing deforestation. It is a fact about this amazing art that makes these paintings unique. Madhubani artists use Madhubani paintings to prevent trees from being cut down. Madhubani art is not only for decoration but also have some moral and for peace. Artists make pictures of Hindu deities on trees so people stop cuting down the trees.

    This traditional Madhubani art was practiced by women living in rural areas of Bihar. But today, things have changed and now this style is not only popular among the people of India, but also among the people of other countries, especially America and Japan. During traditional times, this type of painting was done on clay walls with fresh plaster. Now, it is done on Madhubani painting on canvas, cushions, paper or even cloth. Now people are doing Madhubani artwork on utensils and even bangles.

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    There is also an international demand for Madhubani paintings. People of Japan are very familiar with Madhubani art of India and it is famous and appreciated in many other countries. A ‘Mithila Museum‘ is the brainchild of Tokio Hasegawa, located in the Tokamachi Hills in Niigata Province, Japan, which is the hub of of 15,000 unique and rare Madhubani paintings.

    Organizations dedicated to this art

    There are many organizations working in support of this rare art of India. There are several exclusive galleries in India and abroad containing a collection of Madhubani painting. In Bangalore, Delhi and Bihar, many non-profit organizations are working with and helping Madhubani artists.
    Mithila Kala Sansthan (MAI), an independent art school in Madhubani city, was established in January 2003 by EAF for the development of Madhubani painting and training of young artists.
    Mithilasimita is an organization based in Bengaluru, India, an organization formed by some entrepreneurs.
    Madhubani art is known from the above article and now this art is becoming famous not only in India but also in the whole world.

    Folk arts have a deep color in India’s rich art tradition. Amarabel of this art extends from Kashmir to Kanya Kumari. In this column of the Craft gallery, we will give you information about various forms of folk art.
    Madhubani folk art is related to Madhubani place of Bihar. Madhuban means ‘forest of honey’ and this place is famous for the sweet pastimes of Radha Krishna. The folk art of Madhubani also depicts the leelas of Krishna. The art is old in this village with a lush green pond surrounded by raw huts in the clumps of mangoes and bananas and spread throughout the Mithila area surrounds Madhubani. Muzaffarpur, Madhubani, Darbhanga and Saharsa districts in the region of Vidhyapati’s Maithili poems.
    To prepare the artifacts of Madhubani, hand-made paper is dipped with cow dung and mythological stories are painted on it with vegetable colors. Artists prepare colors for their paintings themselves and also prepare several shapes of paint-brows by wrapping cotton in bamboo sticks.
    These artifacts use pink, yellow, blue, sidura (red) and sugapakhi (green) colors. The black color is obtained by burning the sorghum or the soot is prepared by mixing it with cow dung, the yellow color is prepared by mixing turmeric and lime in the milk of banyan leaves with palash or tesu flower. Orange is made red from the flowers of Kusumbha and green from the leaves of the vine. They are added to goat milk to make the colors permanent and bright.

    Radha Krishna Arts
    Radha Krishna Arts
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    Visit to discover Indian blogs Along with the depiction of human and goddesses, animal husbandry, tree plantation and geometric shapes have also been given an important place in the art of Madhubani art. These shapes are also made in traditional ways. Parrots, turtles, fish, sun and moon are popular subjects of Madhubani painting. Elephants, horses, lions, bamboo, lotus, flowers, vines and swastikas are depicted as auspicious for the prosperity of cereals.
    Fine artifacts are placed behind the artifacts on paper and are kept as family heritage. This is the reason why there are variations in size, color composition and content of Madhubani artifacts in every family. This variation is considered to be the specialty of that family. This art, traditionally made at home on special occasions, has become popular in the markets of the world today. However, its artists are still leading a very simple life. Along with the wall and paper, this art is also done on ceramics, feathers, and the thal and thali used on wedding occasions. Today, Madhubani art can also be purchased on art galleries, museums and handicraft shops along with the world.

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